There are three bones that make up the shoulder: the humerus, or the upper arm bone; the scapula, or the shoulder blade; and, the clavicle, which is the collarbone. The articular cartilage, a smooth substance that protects and enables the bones to move easily, covers the surfaces of these bones and, to eliminate any friction in the shoulder, the synovial membrane, which is a thin, smooth tissue, produces a small amount of fluid that lubricates the cartilage. All these, with the tendons and muscles surrounding the shoulder and providing stability and support, enable the shoulder to rotate and move in a great range of motion – greater than any other joint (or ball-and-socket) joint in the body.
Despite all the protection and support that provide stability, certain conditions and diseases cause shoulder bone fracture, destruction of the joint cartilage or destruction of the shoulder joint, resulting to inflammation, extreme joint pain or a limited range of shoulder motion. Some of the causes resulting to these shoulder injuries include:
- Avascular necrosis. This painful condition, which can lead to arthritis, occurs due to the disruption of blood supply to the bone;
- Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Joint Disease). This “wear and tear” type of arthritis is age-related;
- Rheumatoid Arthritis. This is a chronic inflammation that can damage the cartilage, eventually causing cartilage loss, stiffness and pain;
- Post-traumatic Arthritis. Besides causing shoulder pain, this type or arthritis, which usually follows a serious shoulder injury, also limits shoulder function;
- Severe fracture of the shoulder, which shatters the head of the upper arm bone;
These causes, including Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy and failed previous shoulder replacement surgery or failed revision surgery, are some of the major reasons why people necessitate shoulder replacement surgery.
Doctors recommended shoulder replacement surgery to their patients only if the more conservative methods no longer work. This surgery is intended to replace damaged parts of the shoulder with artificial components (called prosthesis). Some surgeries are aimed at replacing only the ball or the head of the humerus bone, or replacing the glenoid, or the ball and the socket.
Whichever part is replaced, this surgery guarantees relief from pain, and restoration of shoulder strength, motion and function.
While there are various manufacturers of shoulder replacement devices, the ones specifically designed by Wright Medical Technology, Inc. and Tornier, Inc. have become the focus of attention due to allegations that their devices are faulty, resulting to additional injuries in patients, significant bone loss, instability, weakness, unexplained pain, rising medical expenses, plus the need for corrective surgery.
Currently, patients who experience increased shoulder pain or limited mobility following the implantation of a Wright or Tornier shoulder replacement device have filed shoulder replacement lawsuits to fight for damages from the manufacturer. Needing to undergo a revision surgery, additional treatment, as well as removing the implant altogether due to badly designed implants is simply inexcusable.
Being in an accident can put anyone in a very delicate position. There are many things that can be affected after an accident, mainly physical, mental, and financial. The only recourse for victims to have relief that they can have is to file a personal injury claim against the party liable for the accident. Fortunately, civil law protects injury victims and allows them to seek compensation for all the damages that they have suffered. Regardless of whether the action was due to plain negligence or intentional disregard to the safety of others, they should be held accountable for all the damages that their actions has caused. The LaMarca Law Group, P.C. states online that an injury claim would legally entitle you to compensation and would likewise prevent similar incidents from occurring in the future.
According to numerous cases outlined on the website of the The Benton Law Firm, the great majority of personal injury claims lead to out of curt settlements. The negotiation will just be between the plaintiff and the defendant and would not require the help of a judge or jury. However, when it comes to determining the amount of compensation or settlement for the injury claim, both parties often consider how much the jury would grant to the plaintiff. The settlement would then depend on how much both parties would be able to compromise according to how much they believe the jury would reward if the case went to court.
The laws may vary depending on the jurisdiction in which your personal injury claim is being tried. There may be rules on apportioning liability among those involved in the accident, or they might follow other joint liability concepts that the state may impose. Likewise, state also have jurisdictional caps on the amount of compensation for the damages. The law firm of Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, LLC may tell you that personal injury claims that involve medical malpractice may have a higher cap (or limit) for compensation or settlement compared to a simple “slip and fall” accident.
Regardless of the size of your business, being online and having your own website is essential in order to expose and market your products or services to everyone. In todays’ fast paced and modern society, everything can e found online, therefore having a strong presence and good content on your website is the key in having a successful business. According to Kinetic Word, an efficient website that contains the information that clients are looking for and is easy to use can make or break a business in this technology-based world.
The first thing to know when creating an dynamic website is to understand what you want your visitors to experience on your website. There are many ways that a website can specialize in a number of things, and these can be helpful in boosting your company or business’ presence online. Know your goals for your website, and what you want your clients to see and get from it. Next, know who your target audience is. If you are aiming for a much younger audience, then using too many technical terms in you articles can make them lose interest in your website. Likewise, if your market audience are professionals, then make sure that your website and the information you are providing are legitimate and easy to understand. Furthermore, if oyur website is too difficult to use, then your audience might lose interest and move to another website that can provide them with the needed information at an easier pace.
Another factor that can greatly help your clients or target audience is to have helpful chat support that could provided them assistance should they really need it. The website of Lasso Live Chat suggests having 24-hour chat support because this means your audience is attended to and helped at any time of the day. Convenience is very important for today’s people, therefore having a website that they can easily access and can help them any time they need is a website that they will come back to.
In today’s changing world, a website is always a work in progress, and should always evolve with the times. With so many advances and updates in the modern world, your website should also be adaptive to them to ensure that you will not be left out and that the information, services, or business you provide stays fresh and relevant.
The effects of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) can differ from person to person, but it is still undeniable that they pose a serious threat to people’s health. The adverse effects of PCBs has resulted to it being banned from being produced in 1979 as ordered by the Environmental Protection Agency, yet these dangerous cancer-causing chemicals can still presently be found in our surroundings, food, and even our bodies. The range of health effects of PCBs exposure can range from simple skin conditions to serious, life-threatening cancers.
About 50 studies has been conducted since 1976 has confirmed that long-term exposure to PCBs in the workplace has caused increased mortality from cancers of the liver, gastrointestinal tract, and other organs. The airborne exposure of PCBs in workplaces has also affected tissues that are associated with the production of blood (such as the bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and tonsils) and can also boost the growth and spread of malignant melanoma. One study has even discovered a strong link between PCBs and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which is a type of cancer of the lymphamic system.
Aside from cancer risks, websites of law firms such as Williams Kherkher point out that PCB exposure can lead to complications in the immune system for both children and adults. A compromised immune system can lead to a host of health issues that can lead to long-term care or medication. The people most at risk of PCB exposure, though, are workers who use them. When the workplace is the cause of a worker’s exposure to PCBs, then they have the right to file for a lawsuit for the damages that the exposure has caused. Because the serious effects of PCB exposure can be long-term or permanent, the victim should file an injury report to make the employer liable for their negligence and provide compensation or settlement to ensure the treatment and medication of their worker.
The state of Texas has I fair share of industrial fires, and this has lead to a number of serious injuries and fatalities not only to the workers but also to other people within the vicinity. Aside from the grief and physical damages that the explosion may have caused, it would be very difficult to deal with the financial troubles that come with medication and treatment. Contacting a lawyer after being involved in an explosion may seem like an odd move to do, but talking with a lawyer can help you with understanding what your next legal course of action will be.
Victims or families of the victims of industrial explosions can seek compensation following their injuries or death. According to the Texas explosion lawyers at Williams Kherkher, legal guidance can be vital in pursuing a lawsuit against those who were negligent and caused the explosion. What makes them liable, though? And what makes industrial explosions dangerous?
According to the Department of Transportation and the Occupational Safety & Health Adminstration (OSHA), ammonium nitrate is listed as a hazardous material and is classified as “explosives and blasting agents”. Despite being known and labeled as such, it is still widely used in coal mining companies and in many other industries. Since ammonium nitrate is a sensitive compound, it is highly susceptible to accidental combustions. Although the EPA and other government agencies are doing their best to legally control the production, use, and storage of ammonium nitrate, accidents can still happen due to malevolent intents and incorrect management.
Aside from regulating ammonium nitrate and enforcing the various laws and acts that protect and ensure the safety of everyone regarding the dangers of ammonium nitrate, alternatve prevention measures are already being looked into to prevent disasterous explosions. Scientists have already made safer ammonium nitrate fertilizers that are less prone to detonation, making them safer to use. Other alternatives are being consdiered so as to lessen the dependency on ammonium nitrate.